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[liberationtech] Fwd: The Development Dimension Internet Access for Development

Terry Winograd winograd at cs.stanford.edu
Tue Jul 7 14:54:05 PDT 2009


Our librarian just made us aware of this OECD report:

http://lysander.sourceoecd.org/vl=1479807/cl=34/nw=1/rpsv/ij/oecdthemes/99980037/v2009n19/s1/p1l

 Emerging Economies
2009, vol. 2009, no. 19, pp. 1 - 112
The Development Dimension Internet Access for Development: (Complete
Edition - ISBN 9789264056312)

Abstract

The Internet has been remarkably successful in developing greater
opportunities for communication access - and economic growth and
social development - for the first billion users. The majority of the
next several billion users will be mainly from developing countries
and will connect to the Internet principally via wireless networks.
But there are substantial discrepancies in access to ICTs between
developed and developing countries and also within countries,
depending on factors such as gender, rural coverage, skills and
educational levels.

This book examines how the market for internet traffic exchange has
evolved and explores the coherence of policies pursued by developed
and devloping countries.  It notes the increasing innovation occurring
in a number of developing countries with competitive markets and
discusses how liberalisation has helped to expand of access networks
and make ICT services increasingly affordable and available to the
poor. The report also highlights the employment, micro-entrepreneurial
and social development opportunities which have emerged as access
levels have risen among low-income users. The study notes that gateway
service monopolies - still in 70 countries -  raise the prices for
accessing international capacity and reduce the affordability of
Internet access to business and end users.
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