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[liberationtech] Syria Re-connects - Secdev Flashnote (v1) 1.12.2012 12:37EST

Rafal Rohozinski r.rohozinski at
Sat Dec 1 09:48:08 PST 2012

On December 1st at approximately 14:30 GMT <x-apple-data-detectors://1>,
SecDev's Syria Operations Group monitoring the Syrian Internet witnessed a
substantial amount of Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) route update
announcements related to Syrian Internet Protocol (IP) blocks. The
announcements were the precursor to most of the country going back online.

BGP routes allow for communication traffic to move from one destination to
another. Previously, on Nov. 29th, SecDev had reported that thousands of
BGP routes had been withdrawn, effectively disabling Syria’s
government-controlled Internet.

Reports on social media confirm that users are once again able to use TOR
and VPN services. Meanwhile, Psiphon confirmed that by
783 users had connected to the Internet, predominantly using its
sophisticated Obfuscated Secure Shell cryptographic protocol (OSSH+).

Syria’s Minister of Telecommunications, Imad Sabouni, told Al-Ikhbaria news
that the Internet returned to the country after technical crews completed
repairs. Previously, in contradictory statements, the Syrian Minister of
Information had said on Nov. 29 that "terrorists targeted an internet cable
which resulted in an outage" (Elnashra:; however, the
Minister of Telecommunications had blamed the outage on a technical error
that crews were working hard to repair (Source coming).

While most of the country has been reconnected, social media reports claim
that in the Deir Ezzour governorate, the Internet remains down and mobile
phones are still unavailable in most areas (Facebook:

Sent by SecDev secure mobile. Please excuse typos or other oddities.
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