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[liberationtech] Export Control of Intrusion Software

Fabio Pietrosanti (naif) lists at
Tue Dec 10 00:50:58 PST 2013

This email to note that the Wassenaar Agreement has been updated to
include "Intrusion Software" in the export controlled goods.

See page 209:

"Intrusion software"
"Software" specially designed or modified to avoid detection by
'monitoring tools', or to defeat 'protective countermeasures', of a
computer or network- capable device, and performing any of the following:
a. The extraction of data or information, from a computer or network-
capable device, or the modification of system or user data; or
b. The modification of the standard execution path of a program or
process in order to allow the ex ecution of externally provided

1. "Intrusion software" does not include any of the following:
 a. Hypervisors, debuggers or Software Reverse Engineering (SRE) tools;
 b. Digital Rights Management (DRM) "software"; or
 c. "Software" designed to be installedby manufacturers, administrators
or users, for the purposes of asset tracking or recovery.

2. Network-capable devices include mobile devices and smart meters.

Technical Notes

1. 'Monitoring tools': "software" or hardware devices, that monitor
system behaviours or processes running on a device. This includes
antivirus (AV) products, end point security products, Personal Security
Products (PSP), Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), Intrusion Prevention
Systems (IPS) or firewalls.
2. 'Protective countermeasures': techniques designed to ensure the safe
execution of code, such as Data Execution Prevention (DEP), Address
Space Layout Randomisation (ASLR) or sandboxing

Fabio Pietrosanti (naif)
HERMES - Center for Transparency and Digital Human Rights - -

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