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[liberationtech] digital to analog: Syria radio help needed

Tomasz Rola rtomek at
Mon Feb 4 10:10:47 PST 2013

On Mon, 4 Feb 2013, Stefan Geens wrote:

> A Syrian whom I trust and who I've helped with security-related issues 
> before needs some help that I am not qualified to answer, so perhaps 
> somebody on this list knows what to do or where to turn for expert help. 
> I don't want to suggest anything to him that gets (even more) people 
> killed...
> He writes: ======== I am working now on a radio for Syria that needs to 
> cover Homs governorate, since people there don't have internet or 
> electricity, the only way to reach them is by radio. We are working to 
> establish a FM radio station that covers Homs governorate and all Syria 
> later on, it will be based on an online radio that is streaming from 
> outside Syria and we are looking for the best solution to stream on the 
> ground in Homs. We are looking for the best solution to transmit the 
> digital signal into analogue one. The point is if we want to use a 
> normal transmitter on the ground it will be known for the regime 
> warplanes and it will be destroyed after few minutes. So, what are our 
> options and the details of the best solutions (using inside or outside 
> Syria base)? ======
> Thanks for any help you may have. I'll forward it to him.
> Stefan

If setting up FM transmission proves too hard / unreliable, try 
sneakernet. Not ideal but very hard to kill, provided your authorities 
have any support amongst people.

Use pendrives / memory cards to distribute audio files. Copy them with 
local laptops or some other capable device. A number of cell phones can 
act as audio player. And mp3players are cheap and rather easy to find. A 
laptop can act as copy hub, people can come and connect their devices to 
get some news, listen to them later.

A variation of this idea is to transfer audio via phone - if they still 
have old style lines, they are quite reliable AFAIK.

Another variation is, use wifi spots as local copy-hubs. This would be 
more practical than connecting variety of cables to cell phones.

Those are just things from the top of my head, HTH. Depending on your 
actual situation you may have to adapt the above ideas until they fit.

Tomasz Rola

** A C programmer asked whether computer had Buddha's nature.      **
** As the answer, master did "rm -rif" on the programmer's home    **
** directory. And then the C programmer became enlightened...      **
**                                                                 **
** Tomasz Rola          mailto:tomasz_rola at             **

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