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[liberationtech] Random number generator failure in Rasperri Pis?

Andy Isaacson adi at
Fri Jul 19 10:42:00 PDT 2013

On Fri, Jul 19, 2013 at 01:17:51PM +0100, Michael Rogers wrote:
> On 19/07/13 13:03, KheOps wrote:
> > Just came accross this article, apparently showing the bad quality
> > of the hardware RNG in Raspberri Pi devices.
> > 
> >
> >
> >  Quite interesting since (pseudo-) random numbers are heavily used
> > in crypto. Interesting also to see another post on this topic,
> > after the study of a random number generation procedure formerly
> > used in Cryptocat and that was also problematic.
> Is that what the article shows? Looks to me like the Raspberry Pi's
> hardware RNG (/dev/hwrng) is being held up as an example of 'good
> randomness' in contrast to the RANDU algorithm's 'bad randomness'.

Regardless of the quality of the HW RNG on RPI, it's not good to expose
the entropy directly to userspace in /dev/hwrng.  Rather, the RPI kernel
should mix the entropy into the kernel entropy pool and apps should use
/dev/random to get high-quality entropy mixed from all available entropy
sources.  That way even if an attacker has a backdoor to the HW RNG,
the user still has a second line of defense due to the other
unpredictable data mixed into the same pool.


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