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[liberationtech] [Air-L] Fake News

Daniel Swislow dswislow at ndi.org
Mon Dec 12 11:42:39 PST 2016


I wrote a short piece -- just before this "fake news" issue (a term I am
also not a big fan of) exploded in the media -- that was kind of a
literature review on anti-democratic trolling and disinformation globally.
We have been calling "fake news" and the related manipulation of online
political space "distributed denial-of-democracy attacks" or "DDOD
attacks." Check out my article, The Distributed Denial of Democracy
<https://medium.com/@dswis/the-distributed-denial-of-democracy-23ce8a3ad3d8#.7xk6n55ai>.
It may be of interest.

On Mon, Dec 12, 2016 at 9:54 AM, Donna Oglesby <oglesbdm at eckerd.edu> wrote:

> "Fake News" is an imprecise term. Definition is essential. Some scholars
> work on exactly that. Check out Don Fallis. An example of his thinking on
> the subject is here:
>
> http://www.u.arizona.edu/~fallis/LIB%2063.3%2005.%20fallis%20401_426.pdf
>
> Donna Oglesby
>
>
> On Dec 12, 2016, at 12:13 PM, MC Cambre <mcambre at ualberta.ca> wrote:
>
> This burns me because I fell for the professor blacklist story  (had some
> people I knew on it) even after I had hunted down all the references, and
> the organization that started it (I still don't even know if they are real).
>
> Just wondering if we are overlooking outright lying?
> https://theintercept.com/2016/12/09/a-clinton-fan-manufactur
> ed-fake-news-that-msnbc-personalities-spread-to-discredit-wikileaks-docs/
> The issue is mushrooming online with sites now dedicated to 'debunking'
> fake news as well.
> At the same time there is implicit trust of search engines like Google,
> while they actually work to camouflage them.
> http://www.theverge.com/2016/12/6/13850230/fake-news-sites-g
> oogle-search-facebook-instant-articles
>
>
>
> On Mon, Dec 12, 2016 at 3:28 PM, kalev leetaru <kalev.leetaru5 at gmail.com>
> wrote:
>
>> The concept of "fake news" is very complex, ranging from satirical to
>> misleading to malicious content and, when looking globally, covers not
>> just
>> social media, but SMS and FTF communication. Much like humor, where one
>> person's hilarious joke might be deeply offensive to another, a good
>> portion of "fake news" revolves around how societies and peoples with
>> different backgrounds interpret and construct meaning from a shared set of
>> information. Paul Linebarger's 1948 book "Psychological Warfare" is a
>> powerful read into the roots and methodology of inorganic constructionism
>> of the kind that underlies much of the hundred shades of gray that we
>> today
>> frequently label as "fake news." This is also why purely technological
>> solutions will always struggle with this complex middle ground that
>> constitutes a large portion of "fake news." Instead, "information
>> literacy"
>> coupled with technological assistance offer perhaps the most robust path
>> forward.
>>
>> You can see more in my latest pieces:
>>
>> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/11/30/why-stop
>> ping-fake-news-is-so-hard/
>> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/10/the-inve
>> rted-pyramid-and-how-fake-news-weaponized-modern-journalistic-practice/
>> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/11/the-glob
>> al-perspective-on-fake-news/
>> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/11/how-data
>> -and-information-literacy-could-end-fake-news/
>>
>> Kalev
>> http:/kalevleetaru.com/
>> http://blog.gdeltproject.org/
>>
>>
>> On Friday, December 9, 2016, Yosem Companys <companys at stanford.edu>
>> wrote:
>> >
>> > > Anyone know of any academic studies showing that fake (social media)
>> news
>> > > influenced the 2016 presidential election outcome?
>> > >
>> > > Thanks,
>> > > Yosem
>> > > _______________________________________________
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>
>
>
> --
> --
>
>
>
>
>
>
> *Carolina Cambre PhD Assistant Professor Concordia University, Montreal
> Centre for Global Citizenship Education & Research Fellow Affiliate of
> Concordia University - Centre for Oral History and Digital Storytelling
> http://storytelling.concordia.ca/content/cambre-carolina
> <http://storytelling.concordia.ca/content/cambre-carolina> Book:
> http://www.bloomsbury.com/us/the-semiotics-of-che-guevara-9781472505293/
> <http://www.bloomsbury.com/us/the-semiotics-of-che-guevara-9781472505293/>*
> <http://www.bloomsbury.com/us/the-semiotics-of-che-guevara-9781472505293/>
>
> --
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-- 
*Daniel Swislow*
Senior Partnerships Officer | San Francisco Bay Area
National Democratic Institute
dswislow at ndi.org | +1 (847) 975-1527 | @danswislow
<http://www.twitter.com/danswislow>

<http://www.ndi.org/>   <http://www.openingparliament.org/>
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