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[liberationtech] [Air-L] Fake News

יוחנן ועקנין yohanan.ouaknine at ois.co.il
Sat Dec 24 20:03:08 PST 2016


Hello Kalev,

Not a small group but a large community.
An example is this "news community" (http://rotter.net/forum/listforum.php)
in hebrew, where news are discussed in a forum, and fake or biased news are
detected thru group discussion.
This project is cited here
<https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254074310_Online_News_Exposure_and_Trust_in_the_Mainstream_Media_Exploring_Possible_Associations>
.


Best regards,

Yohanan Ouaknine
PhD candidate
Bar Ilan University, Israel



On Sat, Dec 24, 2016 at 5:17 PM, kalev leetaru <kalev.leetaru5 at gmail.com>
wrote:

> One final set of thoughts on the topic of false and misleading news - it is
> important to remember that even the marque brands in journalism
> all-too-often run stories without the most cursory of verification:
>
> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/15/what-
> santa-and-the-dying-child-story-teaches-us-about-fake-
> news-data-and-verification/
>
>
> And that academia itself has a huge and growing problem with verification
> and "truth" courtesy of a growing trend to cite without reading and the
> expanding issue of predatory publishers:
>
> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/16/how-
> academia-google-scholar-and-predatory-publishers-help-
> feed-academic-fake-news/
>
>
> And that as a whole the fact checkers themselves are less than transparent
> about their inner workings, with one (Snopes) refusing even to provide even
> the most basic of insight into its screening and reliability processes:
>
> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/22/the-
> daily-mail-snopes-story-and-fact-checking-the-fact-checkers/
>
>
> There is also the question about the right to expression online - once
> Facebook begins flagging news as false, it will have a database of who is
> consuming and attempting to share that content. Could it flag such users as
> "gullible" and sell them as a special category to advertisers, or perhaps
> even ban them entirely from its platform?:
>
> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/17/
> should-we-fight-fake-news-by-banning-gullible-people-from-the-internet/
>
>
> There is also the issue of how to handle controversial topics like police
> shootings - what does one do in a case like Laquan McDonald, in which the
> official police report concluded something very different from what
> witnesses observed? Would Facebook flag or even block all of the
> conversation about the shooting that differed from what police claimed?
>
> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/23/what-
> happens-when-fake-news-is-real-news/
>
>
> Putting this all together, it does raise the critical question of whether
> it really is the right approach to declare a small group of elites to act
> as the ultimate arbitrators of "truth" for 1.7 billion people around the
> world:
>
> http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/24/
> facebooks-fake-news-detector-and-the-myth-of-technology-as-savior/
>
>
>
> Kalev
> http://kalevleetaru.com/
> http://blog.gdeltproject.org/
>
> On Mon, Dec 12, 2016 at 8:28 AM, kalev leetaru <kalev.leetaru5 at gmail.com>
> wrote:
>
> > The concept of "fake news" is very complex, ranging from satirical to
> > misleading to malicious content and, when looking globally, covers not
> just
> > social media, but SMS and FTF communication. Much like humor, where one
> > person's hilarious joke might be deeply offensive to another, a good
> > portion of "fake news" revolves around how societies and peoples with
> > different backgrounds interpret and construct meaning from a shared set
> of
> > information. Paul Linebarger's 1948 book "Psychological Warfare" is a
> > powerful read into the roots and methodology of inorganic constructionism
> > of the kind that underlies much of the hundred shades of gray that we
> today
> > frequently label as "fake news." This is also why purely technological
> > solutions will always struggle with this complex middle ground that
> > constitutes a large portion of "fake news." Instead, "information
> literacy"
> > coupled with technological assistance offer perhaps the most robust path
> > forward.
> >
> > You can see more in my latest pieces:
> >
> > http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/11/30/why-
> > stopping-fake-news-is-so-hard/
> > http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/10/the-
> > inverted-pyramid-and-how-fake-news-weaponized-modern-
> > journalistic-practice/
> > http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/11/the-
> > global-perspective-on-fake-news/
> > http://www.forbes.com/sites/kalevleetaru/2016/12/11/how-
> > data-and-information-literacy-could-end-fake-news/
> >
> > Kalev
> > http:/kalevleetaru.com/
> > http://blog.gdeltproject.org/
> >
> >
> > On Friday, December 9, 2016, Yosem Companys <companys at stanford.edu>
> wrote:
> >>
> >> > Anyone know of any academic studies showing that fake (social media)
> >> news
> >> > influenced the 2016 presidential election outcome?
> >> >
> >> > Thanks,
> >> > Yosem
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-- 
Yohanan Ouaknine 

<http://www.twitter.com/yohananouaknine>   
<http://www.linkedin.com/in/yohananouaknine>  

 

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