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[liberationtech] Viola: A simple secure multiparty messaging system

George Kadianakis desnacked at
Tue May 3 09:40:06 PDT 2016

Hello liberationtech,

I present you the first version of Viola: a secure multiparty messaging system.

Viola is currently very far from being user-ready, but it's at a stage that
could really benefit from technical feedback, experimentation and code
contributions. I posted about it on the moderncrypto [messaging] mailing list,
but I'm also posting it here as for greater visibility :)

You can find the code repository here:

Here are some more details about the protocol and the code as well as some
guidelines on how to contribute :)

-- The viola protocol:

You can find the protocol spec here:

The primary aim of the viola protocol has been to offer the basic security
properties while keeping the protocol easy to understand, analyze and
implement. Essentially, everytime I was faced with a design decision I picked
the simplest design possible. At its present form, I consider it an educational
and experimentation tool for multiparty messaging, but it also has potential to
grow into a powerful messaging system.

The current protocol offers end-to-end confidentiality of messages as well as
entity authentication. It does not offer security properties like deniability
or transcript/room consistency yet.

The viola protocol does not use a (multiparty) key exchange protocol to
generate group encryption keys. Instead the viola protocol uses a room captain
and a key transport protocol to ship encryption keys to the room
participants. For more information, please read the protocol spec.

-- The viola codebase:

I decided there would not be much benefit in designing yet another multiparty
messaging protocol without first building it to see how well it works.

So I implemented a prototype of Viola for use over IRC with Weechat. I used
Python and the Weechat python bindings which allowed me to prototype pretty

The current code is far from user-ready and should not be used for anything
sensitive. The weechat UX still sucks, and there are dozens of XXXs sprinkled
around the code. However the basic functionality seems to work fine and that's
what's important at this stage.

-- Future steps:

I don't have much spare time these days, so I don't know how much time I will
have for Viola. Now that I managed to publish the first version of the protocol
I'm going to take a step back and wait for feedback and suggestions before
acting further.

My secret hope is that people will find interest in this project and will
submit patches, bug fixes and UX improvements. If you want to help out but you
are not sure how, please read TODO.txt or check all those XXXs in the codebase;
some are dead simple to solve, some are harder. Also, testing Viola yourself
for a few minutes should give you plenty of ideas on things to improve on the UX.

On the protocol side, if you take a minute and understand the viola spec, you
will realize that it's actually a quite simple protocol with great potential
for improvements in every step. If you have a viola improvement in mind, I
invite you to hack the spec and the code, and actually implement and test the
improvement yourself. If you find a great improvement that works, please let me

I also hope that more people will help with breaking the protocol, and
conducting missing security analysis. For example, please read the "Security
discussion" section in the spec and all the XXXs.

Furthermore, the current viola codebase works over IRC powered by weechat and
Python. However, I actually don't think that Python or Weechat or IRC are
necessarily the best tools for this sort of protocol. I'm definitely open to
alternative implementations, or extending viola to more chat clients and

Feel free to use github for any viola patches that I should look at, or use
this mailing list thread for any design suggestions you might have. Also, if
you are interested in helping, but you are missing required documentation or
help to get started, let me know as well.

--  Testing viola:

If you find this project interesting, please give Viola a try.  Read the README
file to get started with testing viola.

You can test viola on real IRC networks or just setup your own testing IRC
server and test it out offline. I've been using hybrid-ircd for local testing
which only takes 20 seconds of setup time. You can also create weechat aliases
that allow you to join the server, and start viola with just one command.

Finally, if you follow the README instructions you will end up in the
#viola_test IRC channel of baconsvin. I have parked a room captain there that
will accept any room joins, so feel free to join that viola room for testing.

-- Acknowledgments

As always, Viola would not be here if it was not for the celo crew: joe, ahf and infinity0.


Have fun playing with Viola and please provide feedback!!!

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