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[protege-owl] Query: Subclasses or Sibling

Timothy Redmond tredmond at
Tue Apr 3 10:23:06 PDT 2007

On Apr 3, 2007, at 9:03 AM, Thomas Russ wrote:

> On Apr 3, 2007, at 2:59 AM, william fitzgerald wrote:
>> Method 2:
>> I think dealing with individuals is more a rules engine thing than
>> a DL
>> reasoner area.
> That depends on the particular DL reasoner.
> Other DL languages and reasoners have had mechanisms that are quite
> capable of reasoning using combinations of closed world reasoning,
> limited closed world reasoning, and even cardinality restrictions
> asserted directly about instances.

This thread has been going on for some time so I may be missing some  
context.  But it seems to me that you are making a link between  
reasoning about individuals and closed world reasoning.  I think that  
these are two entirely different issues.

Ian Horrocks, Ulrike Sattler and many others have put a tremendous  
amount of work into finding a reasonable computable description  
logic.  There results include algorithms for deciding questions about  
individuals as well as classes.  Pellet and Fact use the algorithms  
that they have found so these algorithms are able to do "full OWL  
inference" for individuals.  (I am always tempted to use the word  
"complete" here but I don't know if this is one of its technical  

Now when you start  talking about closed world reasoning, you are  
talking about a different logic than OWL DL (and even than OWL  
1.1).   There are some suggestions flying around about how OWL can be  
extended to handle the closed world.  Two that I know of are  
autoepistemic logics and default logics.  There are also  
implementations for these. I believe pellet has an implementation of  
an autoepistemic logic and there was a paper recently about an  
implementation for a default logic.


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