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[protege-owl] Modeling change, source, uncertainty, contradiction?

Thomas Russ tar at ISI.EDU
Fri Aug 24 12:36:56 PDT 2007

On Aug 23, 2007, at 11:11 PM, Johann Petrak wrote:

> Getting back to OWL I wonder if it would be possible to
> have the cake and eat it: would it be possible to
> introduce triples that give additional information
> about properties (making a property the domain of another
> property) which can also be searched,

You could certainly do this.  This will move your ontology into OWL- 
Full, which means that the entire ontology cannot be handled by the  
standard OWL-DL reasoners like Pellet, Fact++ or Racer.

It's also not clear that it would accomplish what you want.

You need to distinguish meta-properties or annotations that provide  
additional information about a Property and second-order statements  
that provide additional information about a Triple.  Annotating  
properties can be done inside OWL.  Annotating triples can't.  As an  
example of the difference, consider:

    Property age

             age created-by Bill-Smith
             age created-on Feb-18-2007

             Elizabeth-Tailor age 35
             [Elizabeth-Tailor age 35] certainty 0.01
             [Elizabeth-Tailor age 35] source  Tailor's-Publicist

It is the annotations of the triples that will be difficult to  
achieve, unless you introduce reified terms for them.

> but with the protege-owl framework ignoring
> those triples for reasoning (e.g. when computing
> a transitive closure)?

Well, making them annotation properties should accomplish this.   
Also, a number of the OWL-DL reasoners will, in fact, take OWL-Full  
input and just ignore the parts that are outside of OWL-DL.

> I am aware that his would again
> also provide limited functionality but in my case it
> probably would be sufficient.

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